As said earlier, Arian is modeled after Korean, which has complicated system of verb conjugation regarding tense, honorifics, formality of speech, and the sentence's aim (that is, the ending of the verb makes the aim of the sentence clear. i.e., whether the sentence is a question, a suggestion, a statement of a fact, etc.).
How Arian Verb Conjugations Work
Arian verb conjugation works in similar way to that of Korean, except for the placement of tense agglutination and the lack of assisting verbs to mark progressive or perfect tenses. Though not perfect and finished in grammar yet, Arian already has many complex grammar and can translate virtually all Korean sentences word-by-word.
Arian Verb Conjugation Template
Adding on in English, for the chart is in Korean, the left side is Korean verb template.
A typical Korean verb consists of 어간 (root), 선어말어미 (agglutination added right before the verb-ending), and 종결어미(verb-ending) or 연결어미(connective verb-ending; by using this and without using a conjunction, two Korean sentences can be conjoined.).
어간 (root) contains the meaning of the verb, but it is never used alone in Korean. Even mere statement of fact, which is devoid of tense is used with 이다 or 하다 for regular verbs. For example, the regular verb 공부하다(study; verb, no tense) consists of 공부(root) and 하다(종결어미; verb-ending that converts a action noun into a verb).
Arian verb conjugation puts tense(시제) information in front in a form reminding many of us of Spanish articles.
질투하다 = to envy (no exact translation exists in English) = envy do'lan.
질투한다 = envy/envies = a envy do'lan. (present tense)
질투했다 = envied = la envy do'lan.
after that comes the root(어간) which is usually identical in spelling and pronunciation to English verbs. But the root is never conjugated as in English except when the verb is made passive or made causative.
나는 먹는다 = I eat = I'tis a eat do'lan.
내가 먹힌다 = I am eaten = I'fro a eaten do'lan.
내가 그를 먹게 만들었다 = I made him eat = I'fro he'ed av eaten do'lan.
Arian 선어말어미 (agglutination preceding verb-ending)
Arian 종결어미 (Verb-Ending)
All posts are copyrighted.